The will of the people as conveyed via credible, free and fair elections held at regular intervals on the basis of universal, equal and secret elections; is supposed to render any government legitimate. This explains why free and fair elections along with a credible electoral process in any modern state cannot be overstressed.
Democratic elections, although held periodically, have come to be considered as a means to effect change in states especially in Africa. One of such states is Guinea, officially known as the Republic of Guinea, found in West Africa. Formerly called French Guinea, it is today sometimes called Guinea-Conakry to differentiate it from its neighbour Guinea-Bissau and the Republic of Equatorial Guinea.
The country experienced a military coup in 2008, which led to most of the country’s institutions, including the National Assembly to be dissolved. These elections were considered as being the first free and fair elections since independence in 1958. The first round of elections took place on 27 June 2010 with ex-Prime Minister Cellou Dalein Diallo and his rival Alpha Condé emerging as the two runners-up for the second round. However, due to allegations of electoral fraud, the second round of the elections was postponed until 19 September 2010. A delay until 10 October 2010 was announced by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC). Yet another delay until 24 October 2010 was announced in early October 2010. Elections were finally held on 7 November 2010. Voter turnout was high and on 16 November 2010, Alpha Condé, the leader of the opposition party Rally of the Guinean People (RGP), was officially declared the winner of a 7 November run-off in Guinea’s presidential elections.
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